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ALV grid display (inc. column total)




Below is an example ABAP report/program which will populate a simple internal table(it_ekpo) with data and then display it using the basic ALV grid functionality (also includes column total). This example details the main sections of coding required to implement the ALV grid functionality:

Also check out the newer OO based ALV using CL_SALV_TABLE

Data declaration Data retrieval Build fieldcatalog Build layout setup


*&-----------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZDEMO_ALVGRID
*&
*&-----------------------------------------------*
*&
*& Example of a simple ALV Grid Report
*& ...................................
*&
*& Author: SAPDev.co.uk
*&
*& The basic requirement for this demo is to
*& display a number of fields from the EKPO
*& table
*&-----------------------------------------------*
REPORT  zdemo_alvgrid                 .

TABLES:     ekpo.

type-pools: slis.                                 "ALV Declarations
*Data Declaration
*----------------
TYPES: BEGIN OF t_ekpo,
  ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,
  ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
  statu TYPE ekpo-statu,
  aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,
  matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,
  menge TYPE ekpo-menge,
  meins TYPE ekpo-meins,
  netpr TYPE ekpo-netpr,
  peinh TYPE ekpo-peinh,
 END OF t_ekpo.

DATA: it_ekpo TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_ekpo INITIAL SIZE 0,
      wa_ekpo TYPE t_ekpo.

*ALV data declarations
data: fieldcatalog type slis_t_fieldcat_alv with header line,
      gd_tab_group type slis_t_sp_group_alv,
      gd_layout    type slis_layout_alv,
      gd_repid     like sy-repid.


************************************************************************
*Start-of-selection.
START-OF-SELECTION.

perform data_retrieval.
perform build_fieldcatalog.
perform build_layout.
perform display_alv_report.


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  BUILD_FIELDCATALOG
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Build Fieldcatalog for ALV Report
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form build_fieldcatalog.

* There are a number of ways to create a fieldcat.
* For the purpose of this example i will build the fieldcatalog manualy
* by populating the internal table fields individually and then
* appending the rows. This method can be the most time consuming but can
* also allow you  more control of the final product.

* Beware though, you need to ensure that all fields required are
* populated. When using some of functionality available via ALV, such as
* total. You may need to provide more information than if you were
* simply displaying the result
*               I.e. Field type may be required in-order for
*                    the 'TOTAL' function to work.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELN'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Purchase Order'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 0.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 10.
  fieldcatalog-emphasize   = 'X'.
  fieldcatalog-key         = 'X'.
*  fieldcatalog-do_sum      = 'X'.
*  fieldcatalog-no_zero     = 'X'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELP'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO Item'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 1.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'STATU'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Status'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 2.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'AEDAT'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Item change date'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 3.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MATNR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Material Number'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 4.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MENGE'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO quantity'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 5.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MEINS'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Order Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 6.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'NETPR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Net Price'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 7.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 15.
  fieldcatalog-do_sum      = 'X'.        "Display column total
  fieldcatalog-datatype     = 'CURR'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'PEINH'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Price Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 8.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
endform.                    " BUILD_FIELDCATALOG


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  BUILD_LAYOUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Build layout for ALV grid report
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form build_layout.
  gd_layout-no_input          = 'X'.
  gd_layout-colwidth_optimize = 'X'.
  gd_layout-totals_text       = 'Totals'(201).
*  gd_layout-totals_only        = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-f2code            = 'DISP'.  "Sets fcode for when double
*                                         "click(press f2)
*  gd_layout-zebra             = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-group_change_edit = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-header_text       = 'helllllo'.
endform.                    " BUILD_LAYOUT


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Display report using ALV grid
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form display_alv_report.
  gd_repid = sy-repid.
  call function 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
       exporting
            i_callback_program      = gd_repid
*            i_callback_top_of_page   = 'TOP-OF-PAGE'  "see FORM
*            i_callback_user_command = 'USER_COMMAND'
*            i_grid_title           = outtext
            is_layout               = gd_layout
            it_fieldcat             = fieldcatalog[]
*            it_special_groups       = gd_tabgroup
*            IT_EVENTS                = GT_XEVENTS
            i_save                  = 'X'
*            is_variant              = z_template

       tables
            t_outtab                = it_ekpo
       exceptions
            program_error           = 1
            others                  = 2.
  if sy-subrc <> 0.
* MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
*         WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
  endif.
endform.                    " DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  DATA_RETRIEVAL
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Retrieve data form EKPO table and populate itab it_ekpo
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form data_retrieval.

select ebeln ebelp statu aedat matnr menge meins netpr peinh
 up to 10 rows
  from ekpo
  into table it_ekpo.
endform.                    " DATA_RETRIEVAL



Check out the new CL_SALV_TABLE OO class way of implementing and ALV report.
<--ALV Grid Home




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